Egypt: Facts to know about jailed former president Mohammed Morsi

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An Egyptian court on Tuesday sentenced Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted as president in 2013, to 20 years in prison for inciting the killings of protestors outside the Ittihadiya presidential palace in December 2012. Below are facts to one should know about him

  • Mohammed Morsi was Egypt's first democratically elected president.
  • He is Egypt's fifth president, and the first leader from outside of the military.
  • He lasted only one year in power before being ousted by the military on 3 July 2013.
  • Facts to know about Mohammed Morsi
  • Mohammed Morsi was born in the village of El-Adwah in the Nile Delta province of Sharqiya in 1951.
  • He studied Engineering at Cairo University in the 1970s before moving to the US to complete a PhD.
  • After returning to Egypt he became head of the engineering department at Zagazig University.
  • He joined Muslim Brotherhood in 1977 as its Guidance Bureau and served as an independent in the movement's parliamentary bloc from 2000 to 2005.
  • He then lost his seat in his home constituency, after a run-off vote that he claimed was rigged.
  • As an MP, he was occasionally praised for his oratorical performances, for example after a rail disaster in 2002 when he denounced official incompetence.
  • Morsi was chosen as the Muslim Brotherhood's presidential candidate in April 2012 after the movement's deputy general guide, millionaire businessman Khairat al-Shater, was forced to pull out.
  • He came to power in June 2012 after a narrow election victory.
  • But critics complained he failed to deliver during his turbulent year in office. 
  • He was accused of allowing Islamists to monopolise the political scene, concentrating power in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood.
  • In July 2013, millions of protesters gathered outside of Morsi's presidential palace calling for his removal from office.
  • On July 3, 2013, Morsi was officially ousted as president by Egypt's armed forces.
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