The two countries also pledged to enhance political and economic ties. "We must insist on mutual respect and equal treatment, understand and take care of each other's major concerns, properly handle sensitive issues and push for more vigor and results in the Chinese-British comprehensive strategic partnership," Xinhua quoted Chinese Premier Li Keqiang as saying.
Li and Cameron, whose China tour was delayed since his last meeting with the Dalai Lama in May 2012, held bilateral talks here Monday.
Li suggested the two countries bolster trade and investment, enhance fiscal and financial cooperation, deepen high-tech cooperation, strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and consolidate communication and cooperation on international and regional issues.
"As a major country within the European Union, Britain plays a unique and important role in China-EU relations," Li said during their talks at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
He appealed to Britain to further its positive role and contribute to China-EU relations and cooperation.
Cameron arrived in Beijing early Monday morning for a three-day visit to China.