Both Brazil and India are members of the BRICS grouping, which also includes China, Russia and South Africa. At their sixth summit Tuesday in the Brazilian port city of Fortaleza, the five countries agreed to establish a development bank and a contingent reserve arrangement.
The New Development Bank (NDB), designed as an alternative to the World Bank and the IMF, "is extremely important" for the BRICS countries, as it will profoundly change their financing conditions, Rousseff said.
Meanwhile, the NDB "will always have a different stand" from the IMF concerning developing countries, added the Brazilian president.
However, "the new BRICS bank isn't against" the world lender, she stressed. As far as the IMF is concerned, "we are interested in making it more democratic, making it more representative".
According to the Fortaleza Declaration, the NDB is aimed at mobilising resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in the BRICS countries and other emerging economies.
The bank is to be headquartered in Shanghai, China, and an African regional center of the bank will be established in South Africa concurrently with the headquarters.