Geneva, Sep 3: More than 2,000 Syrians have drowned in the Mediterranean while trying to reach Europe since 2011, a UN panel reported on Thursday, saying there's no end in sight to Syria's civil war. In its 10th such report since the war began 4-1/2 years ago, the UN Human Rights Council urges the international community to help Syrian civilians.
"The global failure to protect Syrian refugees is now translating into a crisis in southern Europe," the report says, alluding to the increased flow in recent months. [Image of lifeless body of Syrian child creates uproar on social media]
Overall, it offers few new insights into a grinding civil war. [European migrant crisis: All you need to know]
"Civilians are suffering the unimaginable as the world stands witness," said panel chair Paulo Sergio Pinheiro.
The report, which calls for "urgent action" by the international community to protect civilians, is based on 335 interviews with victims and witnesses collected from January to July 2015. [Pics: Worst migrant crisis since the World War II]
The report is to be presented to the Human Rights Council meeting on September 21. It says warring factions have used tactics like encircling populated areas that have caused starvation, malnutrition and chronic illness among besieged residents.
The report highlights abuses by many combatants including President Bashar Assad's forces, the Islamic State group and al-Qaida-backed Nusra Front.
It says Islamic State fighters have adopted new tactics such as hit-and-run attacks and suicide car-bombings following battlefield losses to Kurdish fighters backed by US-led coalition air power.