New Delhi, Aug 3: The Indian government has signed a historic peace pact with the NSCN (IM). The deal is historic in many ways as the deadlock has been broken after several rounds of talks which lasted any years.
The Prime Minister Narendra Modi made this announcement a short while ago. The peace accord paves the way to solving various issues that the Naga people faced.
It also puts India in an advantageous position over the Myanmar based NSCN(K) a group which had broken the ceased fire violation and attacked an army convoy at Manipur in which 18 soldiers were killed.
NSCN-K had gone out of control:
The NSCN-K headed by S S Khaplang has been operating out of Myanmar off late. The recent attack at Manipur saw the end of a cease fire agreement with New Delhi. Moreover the NSCN-K was coming together with the ULFA-I with an aim of putting an end to all possible talks.
With the NSCN-K now out of bounds this peace accord with the NSCN-IM comes as a blessing. The NSCN -IM will now deal directly with the government of India while discussing the Naga issue. This will put out of contention the NSCN-K faction to a large extent.
Who are the NSCN-IM?
The National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) was formed in the year 1980 by Isak Chisi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S S Khaplang opposing the ‘Shillong Accord' signed by the then NNC (Naga National Council) with the Indian government.
Later differences cropped up between Isak Chisi Swu and Khaplang the NSCN split into two namely the NSCN-K and the NSCN-IM. The outfit aims to establish a Greater Nagaland based on Mao Tse Tung's ideology.
The NSCN-IM consists of Tangkhul Nagas and they are dominant Senapati, Ukhrul, Chandel and Tamenglong districts in Nagaland. The outfit has also established its presence in Wokha, Phek, Zunebhoto, Kohima, parts of Mokokchung and Tuensang districts of Nagaland.
According to South Asian Terrorism Portal or SATP, Thuingaleng Muivah, the General Secretary, and Isak Chisi Swu, Chairman of the NSCN-IM are based in Thailand. I Shimray is another top leader of the outfit. Hungshi is the ‘press and publicity secretary' of the group. The outfit also has a military wing - the Naga Army, comprising one brigade and six batallions.
On the political front, the NSCN-IM has divided its area of influence into 11 regions, which are organised primarily on tribal considerations.
In many areas, it runs a parallel government. There are four major ‘Ministries' - defence, home, finance and foreign. Besides, there are five other Ministries including education, information and publicity, forests and minerals, law and justice and religious affairs.
The most prominent among the Ministries is the ‘Home ministry', which seeks to replace the State government machinery.
The heads of 11 administrative regions report to the ‘Home Minister' (Kilo Kilonser).
The ‘administration' deepens down to the town and village levels in the NSCN-IM's areas of influence. R H Raising and Himpa Pochury are ‘Home' and ‘Defence' ‘Ministers', respectively. Angelus Shimrah is the spokesperson of the NSCN-IM.
The outfit has also established a government-in-exile called the Government of the People's Republic of Nagaland (GPRN) which interacts with formal and non-formal world bodies and media. The GPRN sends emissaries abroad to garner support and raise funds for the Naga cause.
It has an estimated 4,500 strong cadre base. It is supported by a section of Aos, Semas, Zeilangs, Anals, Maos and Manipur-based Tangkhul Nagas. The NSCN (IM) has been passing its annual budget to the tune of Rs 200 million to Rs 250 million each year.