New Delhi, Aug 18: National Parties got 57 per cent of their total income from the sale of coupons while 22 per cent of the income was through donations. A report prepared by the Association for Democratic Reforms states that five National Parties, whose IT Returns are available in the public domain, have declared a total income of Rs 844.71 crores, collected from all over India.
The Election Commission of India (ECI), in its letter dated November 19th 2014 stated that it was mandatory for the parties to submit details of their audited report to the Commission. The due date for submission of annual audited accounts for the parties was November 30, 2014.
Total Income of National Parties-2013-2014:
The five National Parties, whose IT Returns are available in the public domain, have declared a total income of Rs 844.71 crores, collected from all over India. INC has shown the highest income amongst the 5 National Parties with a total income of Rs 598.06 crores during FY 2013-14. This formed 70.8% of the total income of the 5 National Parties.
The CPM declared the second highest income of Rs 121.87 crores which forms 14.43% of the total income of the National Parties.
Declaration of sale of coupons and donations by National parties:
Collection from sale of coupons was one of the major sources of income where INC declared collection of Rs 477.316 crores while NCP declared collection of Rs 8.32 crores from the sale of such coupons.
A total of Rs 485.64 crores was collected by INC and NCP, together, via sale of coupons which contributed to 57.49% of the total income of the five national parties.
The unknown sources are income declared in the IT returns but without giving source of income for donations below Rs.20,000. Such unknown sources include ‘sale of coupons', ‘Purse money', ‘relief fund', ‘miscellaneous income', ‘voluntary contributions', ‘contribution from meetings/ morchas' etc. The details of donors of such voluntary contributions are not available in the public domain.
Total income of political parties from unknown sources (income specified in the IT Returns whose sources are unknown), for 2013-14 is Rs 673.08 crores, which is 79.68% of the total income of the parties.
Recommendations by ADR:
While the ECI had issued guidelines to the political parties in order to promote transparency in the parties' functioning and to aid the Commission to conduct free and fair elections, INC submitting its details under protest displays a lack of enthusiasm from the party in promoting and practicing the desired quality of transparency and accountability in its functioning. Those parties playing a decisive role at the national political arena should lead by example rather than curtailing any attempt at transparency.
Full details of all donors should be made available for public scrutiny under the RTI. Some countries where this is done include Bhutan, Nepal, Germany, France, Italy, Brazil, Bulgaria, the US and Japan. In none of these countries is it possible for 80% of the source of funds to be unknown, but at present it is so in India.
Those parties not following the ICAI guidelines for auditing of reports should be scrutinized by the IT department. The National and regional political parties must provide all information on their finances under the Right to Information Act. This will only strengthen political parties, elections and democracy.