Mars Mission Mangalyaan Shocker: India comes last but still defeats the toppers - US, Russia, Europe

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MOM:India comes last but defeats toppers
Bangalore, Sept 24: India's mission Mars -- Mangalyaan entered the Mars orbit, the latest entrant. It created history on Wednesday, Sept 24. The fact, which shocked many, is that Mangalyaan is the cheapest mission for Mars so far.

Mangalyaan, which means "Mars craft" in Hindi, took off from the island of Shriharikota, off India's eastern coast, 10 months ago. The 3,000lb (1,350kg) device first headed for an elliptical orbit around Earth, after which a series of manoeuvres and short burns of its rocket engines sent it on towards Mars.

India defeated US, Russia, Europe, the other countries which had already placed their satellite on Mars orbit. While big Asian giants -- China, Japan failed to join them, India joined the elite club of Martian explorers with United States, European Space Agency and former Soviet Union.

Here are the comparative costs of travel to the red planet in recent years:

Name of MissionCountryLaunch DateArrival in Mars orbitCost of mission
NASA's MavenUSANov 18, 2013Sept 21, 2014$671million
Mars Express OrbitorEuropeJune 2003December 2003$386 million
NozomiJapanJuly 1998Mission failed, Dec 2003$189 million
Phobos-Grunt With Chinese satelliteRussiaNov 2011Mission failed$117 million
MangalyaanIndiaNov 5, 2013Sept 24, 2014$74 million

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