Mars Mission Mangalyaan Shocker: India comes last but still defeats the toppers - US, Russia, Europe

MOM:India comes last but defeats toppers
Bangalore, Sept 24: India's mission Mars -- Mangalyaan entered the Mars orbit, the latest entrant. It created history on Wednesday, Sept 24. The fact, which shocked many, is that Mangalyaan is the cheapest mission for Mars so far.

Mangalyaan, which means "Mars craft" in Hindi, took off from the island of Shriharikota, off India's eastern coast, 10 months ago. The 3,000lb (1,350kg) device first headed for an elliptical orbit around Earth, after which a series of manoeuvres and short burns of its rocket engines sent it on towards Mars.

India defeated US, Russia, Europe, the other countries which had already placed their satellite on Mars orbit. While big Asian giants -- China, Japan failed to join them, India joined the elite club of Martian explorers with United States, European Space Agency and former Soviet Union.

Here are the comparative costs of travel to the red planet in recent years:

Name of Mission Country Launch Date Arrival in Mars orbit Cost of mission
NASA's Maven USA Nov 18, 2013 Sept 21, 2014 $671million
Mars Express Orbitor Europe June 2003 December 2003 $386 million
Nozomi Japan July 1998 Mission failed, Dec 2003 $189 million
Phobos-Grunt With Chinese satellite Russia Nov 2011 Mission failed $117 million
Mangalyaan India Nov 5, 2013 Sept 24, 2014 $74 million

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