The tribal woman lodged an FIR today at the Labhpur police station and was taken to the a hospital in Suri. Authorities say that the girl is critical.
Birbhum is the home district of the President of India Pranab Mukherjee.
"Prima facie, she was gang-raped and we have rounded up 13 persons she had named in the FIR," said the Assistant Superintendent of Police, Prashanta Chowdhury.
Sparking a massive outrage four years ago was an incident in the same district when a teenaged girl was paraded naked for an alleged affair with a boy from a different community.