The Netherlands, meanwhile held an emotional ceremony for the 298 victims of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, which was shot down in July, focusing on the world's eyes on the conflict in the ex-Soviet state. Pro-Russian separatist authorities in Donetsk said that the delayed removal of MH17 plane debris would begin today, despite the fighting, but Dutch investigators say that no date has officially been fixed and that the situation is being assessed daily.
Some 1,600 relatives and friends of the dead from 18 countries gathered alongside members of the Dutch royal family in Amsterdam for yesterday's ceremony. Among the mourners were Dutch schoolchildren who laid flowers for classmates killed as they set out for their summer holidays on board the doomed flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.
"What if the holiday had started a day later? What if the plane had been late? What if I wake up and realise it was all just a dream?" Prime Minister Mark Rutte said in his address. Ukraine and the West blame Russia for supplying the pro-Kremlin separatists with the missile that shot down the plane, while Moscow and the rebels have pointed the finger at Kiev's forces.
The human toll of the conflict rose again yesterday when three civilians and one Ukrainian soldier died as rebel shelling hit a residential area near a Ukrainian checkpoint in the frontline town of Avdiivka, some 10 kilometres north of Donetsk. Seven people were injured, according to the Donetsk region administration, which is loyal to Kiev and announced the incident.
Intense weekend shelling around Donetsk and more armoured columns heading to the city have fuelled concerns the rebels could be gearing up for an offensive after weeks of localised skirmishes. An AFP journalist saw 28 trucks, six tanks and 14 howitzer artillery systems and two armoured personnel carriers driving through rebel territory around Donetsk yesterday.
The West has repeatedly expressed concern at Ukrainian claims that Russian military reinforcements are being sent in while Moscow denies that it is involved in the fighting in the east. However, it openly gives the rebels political and humanitarian backing and it is not clear how the insurgents could otherwise have access to so much sophisticated and well-maintained weaponry.