The Association for Democratic Reforms and the Bihar Election Watch had done an analysis of the candidates in the year 2010 where Bihar was concerned. Out of the 2,235 candidates analysed, 797 had declared pending criminal cases against them.
Analysis based on pending criminal cases- candidates
A total of 2,235 affidavits were analyzed by the Bihar Election Watch (BEW) for the 2010 Assembly Elections.
Out of these 2235 candidates, 797 or 36% declared pending criminal cases against them.
Out of these 797 candidates with pending criminal cases, 467 had pending serious criminal cases like murder, attempt to murder, kidnapping, robbery, extortion etc. pending against them.
A total of 797 candidates contesting elections from Bihar had criminal cases pending against them.
BJP had 66 out of 102 (65%) candidates with pending criminal cases, LJP had 42 out of 75 (56%), RJD had 92 out of 166 (55%), JD(U) had 76 out of 140 (54%), INC had 92 out of 240 (38%), BSP had 89 out of 232 (38%) and NCP had 30 out of 106 (28%) candidates with pending criminal cases. The party-wise break up is given below:
Tainted constituency analysis:
There were 233 tainted constituencies where in at least one tainted candidate (candidate having pending criminal case against him/her) contested.
In the constituencies where there was only one candidate with pending criminal cases, voters chose 77 percent of the clean candidates and rejected most of the candidates with pending criminal cases.
In the constituencies where there were two candidates with pending criminal cases, voters choose 52% of the clean candidates and 48% of the tainted constituencies.
The percentage of clean winners however, has gone down as number of tainted candidates increases.
There were several cases of violent crimes like murder, attempt to murder, theft, extortion, robbery etc pending against MLAs in the Bihar Assembly 2010.
JD(U) has 148 serious IPC counts pending against its MLAs and BJP has 88 against its MLAs as compared to 17 of RJD, 7 of INC, 10 of INC and 4 of LJP.
Analysis based on pending criminal cases:
BEW had analysed affidavits of 242 MLAs out of 243 MLAs. 141 MLAs out of the 242 MLAs from Bihar Assembly in 2010 have pending criminal cases against them. Of these 141 MLAs, there were pending serious criminal cases against 85 MLAs.
Contrasting this with the Bihar Assembly Elections 2005, 68 MLAs had serious criminal cases pending against them.
The number of MLAs with pending criminal cases in the Bihar 2010 Assembly Election has increased by 21%. The total number of serious IPC sections against MLAs in Bihar 2010
There were 7 crorepati ministers in the list of cabinet ministers analyzed. JD(U) has 5 and BJP has 2 crorepati ministers. Maximun assets were those of Praveen Amamullah of JD(U) from Sahebpur Kamal at 2.94 crores followed by Awadesh Kushwaha of JD(U) from Pipra at 2.83 crore.
Out of the 2235 affidavits analyzed for candidates in Bihar 2010 Assembly Elections, 226 were crorepatis. 28% of the candidates of RJD were crorepatis, 25% of JD(U) candidates and 23% of INC candidates were crorepatis.
Average assets per MLA of major parties:
The maximum average asset is of RJD with 1 crore followed by INC with 93 lacs, JD(U) with average assets of approx 84 lacs and BJP with average asset of approx 64 lacs. The following table gives details of average assets party-wise for both candidates and MLAs.
From 63 i.e. 26% constituencies, candidates with highest declared assets according to their own self sworn affidavits emerged as MLAs. From 21% constituencies candidates with second highest declared assets won. The number of MLAs kept decreasing according to their asset position in their respective constituency.