June 7 Turkey election results put an end to hegemony of Justice and Development Party (AKP) government led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. AKP got its first major setback in 13 years. Record 86 percent turnout was reported in the election held on June 7. A 3 percent of more voters participated this year, compared with 83.16% in the 2011 general elections.
The election result came as blow to the "presidential system" that Erdogan wanted for himself with a tailor-made constitution.
The election result was celebrated by many secular and liberal Turks. tUrkey was also congratulated by the western media for saving its democracy.
But joining the think twice before joini g the euphoria but one should perhaps be a bit more wary. Erdogan probably thinks that he has just lost a battle, not the war. And he may be right.
Read More: Turkey faces hung future after election
There are some reason behind this, all the reasons have been described by Al-Monitor.
The June 7 election results did not come in favour of AKP, but an era of uncertainty in Turkey has also started. Since Turkey has hung parliament now, leaders will now try to form coalition government. Turkey may face one more election if they fail to do so. The AKP will be able to tell the electorate, "You see, unless we are in full power, the country descends into chaos." Turkey has bad memories of coalition government from the 1990s.
According to rule, parliament formation should be completed by June 23-24. 45-days will be given from then to form the government. Then, the president assigns the prime minister post to a member of parliament (typically, the leader of the biggest party), who forms his Cabinet, gets the president's approval and then obtains a "vote of confidence" from the parliament.
In the recent past, all these steps took only a few days, since the AKP had a parliamentary majority and could proceed with no bumps. Now, since no party has a majority, the "vote of confidence" can be secured only when at least two parties agree on the new government. And that can happen only with a coalition - or, less likely, with a "minority government," with one party supporting another party's government without joining it.
A prominent name in the pro-AKP media, on condition of anonymity spoke to Al-Monitor Erdogan's goal would indeed be to secure an AKP majority in renewed elections. If the renewed elections do not help the AKP, the same source added, this is no problem - things can't get much worse. "But renewed elections can help the AKP, and Erdogan is willing to chance that."
Political commentator Levent Gultekin, who has a history of
insights about the AKP world, also agrees with this view.
He said that Erdogan's best ally these days can be the short-sighted opposition leaders who may fail to form a coalition government and thus strengthen the search for stability - stability under the AKP.
The only incurable trouble for Erdogan is that even if the AKP wins a parliamentary majority in renewed elections, the super-majority for amending the constitution (three-fifths of the seats) seems out of reach. So, he would have to work within the current system, rather than introducing the "presidential system."