Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is in Russia on three-day visit to attend annual BRICS and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summits. At the SCO Summit, India is expected to be accorded full membership of the six-nation grouping of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
Here are some important facts need to know about SCO
- The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
- It was created on June 15, 2001 in Shanghai by the Republic of Kazakhstan, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
- Before 2001, SCO was known as Sanghai Five. It was renamed as Shanghai Cooperation Organisation after inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001.
- It was created with an aim to strengthen mutual confidence and good-neighbourly relations among the member countries.
- Currently India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia and Iran has the status of observer in SCO while Belarus, Sri Lanka and Turkey hold the status of dialogue partners.
- The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the highest decision-making body in the SCO. It meets annually to take decisions and give instructions on all important issues of SCO activity.
- SCO has two permanent bodies - the Secretariat in Beijing and the Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure in Tashkent.
- SCO Secretary-General and RCTS Executive Committee Director are appointed by the HSC for a period of three years.
- The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization are Chinese and Russian.
- The SCO member states occupy a territory of around 30 million 189 thousand square kilometers, which makes up three fifths of the Eurasian continent.
- Member nations have a population of 1.5 billion, which makes up a quarter of the planet's population.