Indian govt's all-out approach
But how did the Indian government succeed in bringing the nurses back in such a short time? The reason is simple: It focussed on massive back-channel talks at various levels to make sure that its citizens were not left out in the cold. According to well-placed sources, the Indian government spoke to the United States, the autonomous Kurdistan and also countries like Syria, Russia and Saudi Arabia.
In 1999, the NDA govt got IC-814 hostages released but at the cost of 1 life
The Indian establishment made full use of the strong
international opinion prevailing against the ISIS which has posed a
serious threat to peace and stability in the entire West Asian
region and helped in releasing the Indians. The ISIS militants were
also put under pressure by the Iraqi forces who have now received
military aid from Russia. It was wise for them hence to concentrate
more on its defence rather than cause an offensive against India by
trapping its citizens.
India's soft power came into play to achieve a hard target
The foreign ministry reasserted the soft power that India is known for internationally to make the mission successful. Swaraj met India's envoys in various Gulf countries and also their representatives in New Delhi and also utilised several non-government contacts. The ultimate result of all these was the release of the nurses. Efforts are now on to release another 39 construction works from Iraq.
NDA II's diplomatic track record better than NDA I
The second NDA government, within one-and-half months of coming to power, has even put up a better foreign policy track record than the first. The government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee had faced its biggest diplomatic crisis when an Indian plane was hijacked and taken to Kandahar in Afghanistan. Three terrorists were released to bring back the hostages but even then one life, that of Rupen Katiyal, was lost. This time, the NDA government has carried out a clean mission so far.
Diplomatic success will help both Modi and India
This diplomatic success will not only help Modi establish
himself as a statesman who believes in peace, contradictory to what
some quarters have always believed. It would also assert India's
firmness in international affairs, something which many regret the
nation didn't have in recent times.
New Delhi has tougher diplomatic challenges to meet
New Delhi will have more challenges coming up in the coming months in the neighbourhood once the US-led western forces withdraw from Afghanistan. The latest diplomatic success of the Modi government will act as a major boost in this regard. It has already made overtures at its immediate neighbours soon after coming to power. Now, an extension of that friendly policy in the further neighbourhood will certainly help India's cause in the long run.