A US based human rights group has obtained summons against Modi, another such group will be holding a Citizens' Court against him in front of White House while a third group will wave black flags at the PM when he heads for the Indian-American community's public reception at the Madison Square Garden.
US judiciary summons Modi
American Justice Centre (AJC), a New York based human rights group, obtained the summons from the US Federal Court for the Southern District of New York in a suit filed with two survivors of what it called the "horrific and organized violence of Gujarat 2002."
What is AJC saying?
The survivors are suing Modi for the loss of lives and trauma in their families, and caused emotional, financial and psychological devastation in their lives.
"The Tort Case against Prime Minister Modi is an unequivocal message to human rights abusers everywhere," said John Bradley, an AJC director.
"Time and place and the trappings of power will not be an impediment to justice."
What charges filed against Modi?
Filed under the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) and the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA), the 28-page complaint charges Modi with "committing crimes against humanity, extra-judicial killings, torture and inflicting mental and physical trauma on the victims, mostly from the Muslim community."
AJC said it is providing legal support and advice to the survivors in their effort to hold "Modi accountable for his complicity in the violence."
What does the AJC want Modi to do?
The AJC wants PM Modi to appear before it within 21 days after issuing of the summon.
If PM Modi fails to respond within the stipulated time then the judgement by default will be entered against him, claims the AJC. The AJC is expected to address media on Sept 26 to explain the significance of the lawsuit in the survivors' quest for justice.
Does US court have jurisdiction to summon an Indian?
The Alien Tort Claims Act, also known as Alien Tort Statute (ATS), is a US federal law first adopted in 1789 that gives the federal courts jurisdiction to hear lawsuits filed by US residents for acts committed in violation of international law outside the US.
Are anti-Modi groups behind it?
As per a report published in Niticentral, Navroop Singh, an advocate in Delhi High Court, was quoted as saying, "this could be the handywork of CIA as per news reports for the past one month."
Raising question over identity of the victims who filed the lawsuit against Modi, the advocate said, "While searching I found out that the ISI was planning to calibrate and consorted attempt to target the Modi Government abroad." (To listen to the full report Click 'Here')
Another human rights group to try Modi
Sikhs for Justice, another human rights group, plans to hold a "Citizens' Court" in a park in front of the White House to try Modi for his alleged role in the 2002 Gujarat riots, when he is holding a summit meeting with President Barack Obama.
Sikhs for Justice has done it in the past
The group has routinely obtained such summons against visiting Indian leaders, including former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress party president Sonia Gandhi in connection with the 1984 anti-Sikh pogrom.
Modi to be shown black flags in US?
Yet another group, Alliance for Justice and Accountability (AJA) plans to show Modi black flags when he heads for the Indian-American community's public reception at the Madison Square Garden in mid-town Manhattan September 28.
Indian court gave clean chit to Modi in Gujarat riots case
The SIT, headed by former CBI director RK Raghavan had in December, 2013 given clean chit to the then Gujarat CM Narendra Modi for his alleged inaction during the riots.
Even the Supreme Court, on April 4, 2014, had expressed satisfaction over probes by the SIT in nine cases related to the 2002 riots in Gujarat post Godhra.