Indian Railways is moving ahead with big bang reforms as announced in the Railway Budget. In order to attract imported freight traffic including Containers, Coal, Iron ore etc (diverted to road), it has been decided to withdraw the levy of Port Congestion Surcharge with immediate effect.
This decision is one of the significant steps in the direction of rationalisation of freight rate structure initiated by the Railways.
This was a pending demand of the Ministries of Shipping and Ports, Steel, Container Operators and other Industries. The move will be a big boost to national industrial growth. The surcharge withdrawn was 10% on basic freight and it's withdrawal will generate additional incremental traffic.
Due to the prevailing economic situation during the later part of the FY 2014-15, there had been a burgeoning growth of import traffic at ports, particularly of iron ore, thermal coal, fertiliser and containers.
In order to compensate for the additional detention to railway rolling stock at the ports and the consequential loss of loading potential of revenue earning freight traffic, it had been decided to impose congestion surcharge of 10% on base freight on all traffic including containers originating from ports with effect from 24th of November 2014.
The situation has since changed with the congestion levels at almost all ports having come down due to a significant drop in import of thermal coal, iron ore, fertiliser and container traffic in recent months.
The pendency of demands at ports has come down drastically prompting Railways to withdraw the port congestion surcharge with immediate effect.
Over the past few months, there had been a persistent demand from the Industry and concerned nodal Ministries to consider withdrawal of the 10% congestion surcharge on the grounds that it was having a very significant impact in the logistics cost and was leading to diversion of traffic from the more environmental friendly rail mode to road, also precipitated because of falling prices of diesel.
Benefits of the withdrawal:
The withdrawal is expected to give respite to the Industry in bringing down logistics costs and thereby attract increasing volumes of traffic to the rail mode, particularly in the major segments of imported thermal and coking coal for the power sector and steel plants, imported bauxite and alumina for the Aluminum Industry, import container traffic movement from gateway ports to the hinterland, imported fertilisers, imported limestone and dolomite for the steel plants etc.
The decision to withdraw the congestion surcharge is one of the significant steps in the direction of rationalisation of freight rate structure announced by the Minister of Railways in this year's Railway Budget.
Besides this, three other policy initiatives have already been launched by Ministry of Railways in accordance with the budget announcements. These are:
(i) Opening of loading of BCN rakes for two point destinations;
(ii) Incentive scheme for merry-go-round operations by Railways in colliery - power plant circuits and
(iii) Policy on coastal movement of iron ore, involving combination of rail cum sea movements, for steel plants located on west coast.
All these policy initiatives are expected to contribute to significant increase in freight traffic and corresponding earnings during the current fiscal.