The annual summit of the Group of Seven (G7) industrialized countries kicked off on Sunday in the German resort town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Russia has been excluded from what was previously known as the G8, since the annexation of Crimea last year.
Below are the facts need to know related to G7
- France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States (US) formed the Group of Six in 1975.
- The first summit took place on 15-17 November 1975, in Rambouillet, France.
- Canada joined the group following year.
- US, Canada France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom meet annually to discuss issues such as global economic governance, international security, and energy policy.
- Russia joined the group in 1997 but was shut out last year due to the Ukraine crisis.
- Russia held the G8 presidency for the first time in 2006 and once again in 2014.
- The European Union has participated fully in the G7 since 1981 as a "nonenumerated" member.
- There is no formal criteria for membership, but participants are all developed democracies.
- The aggregate GDP of G7 member states makes up nearly 50 percent of the global economy.
- Unlike the United Nations or NATO, the G7 is not a formal institution with a charter and a secretariat.