Farakka Barrage is located in Murshidabad and Malda districts of West Bengal at about 300 km North of Kolkata. It is one of the largest barrage of its kind in the country having a Feeder Canal for a flow of 40000 cusec (1135 cumec) whose bed width is wider than that of Suez Canal.
This barrage is important for Bangladesh also as a piece of infrastructure that is of strategic importance to the country and also it acts as a stimulator to its economy. For the state of West Bengal also it servers as lifeline for economic activities.
The Feeder Canal originates in upstream at Right Bank of Farakka Barrage and outfalls into the Bhagirathi, right channel of the river Ganga at 40 km downstream of Farakka Barrage.
Farakka Barrage Project gives land for BSF Headquarters:
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, gave its approval for transfer of 58.81 acres of surplus land of Farakka Barrage Project to Border Security Force under for establishment of 04-Battalion Head Quarters of BSF at Khejuriaghat in Mouza Jagannathpur.
Benefits of land transfer:
Farakka Barrage Project will also be benefitted by guarding of crucial Indian frontiers with Bangladesh by BSF in Malda District, which is adjoining to Farakka Barrage Project, a project of both National and International importance.
Also, possibility of encroachments of FBP land and ensuing security concerns to FBP would be reduced due to presence of the BSF personnel in the area.
The Farakka Barrage Project has been assigned with the execution, operation & maintenance of the following principal components of the Project and other works:
- A 2245 metre long Barrage across the river Ganga with rail-cum-road bridge, necessary river training works and a Head Regulator on the right side bank.
- A 213 metre long Barrage across the river Bhagirathi at Jangipur and Navigation Lock beside it.
- Feeder Canal of 40,000 cusec (1135 cumec) carrying capacity and 38.38 km long, taking off from the Head Regulator on the right bank of the Farakka Barrage.
- Navigation works such as locks, lock channels, shelter basins, control towers, navigation lights and other infrastructure.
- 33.79 Km. long Left Afflux Bund of Farakka Barrage and 16.31 Km. long Left Afflux Bund of Jangipur Barrage.
- Two road-cum-rail bridges and two road bridges across the Feeder Canal.
- A number of Regulators at different locations in both Murshidabad and Malda Districts of West Bengal.
- Bagmari Syphon at RD 48.0 of the Feeder Canal.
- Anti-erosion protection work in the extended jurisdiction of Farakka Barrage Project i.e. from Rajmahal including Diara in the upstream (40 Km from the Farakka Barrage) and upto Jalangi in the downstream (80 km from the Farakka Barrage).
Farakka Barrage Project Authority with headquarters at Farakka in Murshidabad district of West Bengal was set up in 1961 with the mandate to execute and thereafter operate and maintain the Farakka Barrage Project Complex comprising of Farakka Barrage, Jangipur Barrage, Feeder Canal, Navigation Lock and associated structures set up on river Ganga.
The Barrage comprises of 112 nos. of Gates (108 Nos. main Gates and 4 Nos. Fish Lock Gates) and 11 Nos. Head Regulator Gates for diversion of approximately 40,000 cusec (1035 cumec) of discharge into the Feeder Canal.
The Farakka Barrage Project complex is to divert adequate quantity of Ganga waters to Bhagirathi-Hoogly river system through 38.38 km long feeder canal for preservation and maintenance of Kolkata Port by improving the regime and navigability of the Bhagirathi-Hoogly river system.
The increased upland supply from Ganga at Farakka into Bhagirathi reduces salinity and ensures sweet water supply to Kolkata and surrounding areas.
The rail-cum-road bridge built across the river Ganga at Farakka establishes direct road and rail communication link to the North-Eastern Region with rest of the country.
The Hoogly-Bhagirathi river system, the Feeder Canal and the Navigation Lock at Farakka form part of the Haldia-Allahabad Inland Waterway (National Waterway No:1).
The Feeder Canal also supplies water to 2100 MW Farakka Super Thermal Power Project (FSTPP) of NTPC Ltd. at Farakka.
Major programmes undertaken:
- Replacement of gates and associated components
- Implementation of Indo-Bangladesh treaty
- Maintenance of feeder canal and its associated components
- Maintenance and protective measures of bank and bed of river Ganga
- Maintenance of townships
- Operation and maintenance of all equipment and machineries