Bengaluru, Jan 16: Today is Friday, January 16, 2015. What happened on this day in history? Oneindia takes a look at the past:
1547: Ivan the Terrible became the first czar of Russia.
1883: The US Civil Service Commission established.
1920: The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages, came into effect.
Nani Palkhivala, famous law expert, was born in Mumbai.
1938: Bengali author Sharat Chandra Chattapadhyay passed away.
1942: Jawaharlal Nehru succeeded Mahatma Gandhi as head of the Indian National Congress.
1946: Kabir Bedi was born in Mumbai.
1991: US announced Operation Desert Storm win Iraq.
1992: The El Salvador government signed a peace treaty with guerrilla forces, formally bringing 12 years of civil war to an end.
2001: President of the Democratic Republic of Congo Laurent Kabila was assassinated.
2003: Space shuttle Columbia took off for its final mission. The craft disintegrated on its descent on February 1, killing all seven crew members on board, including Indian-born aerospace engineer Kalpana Chawla.