771: Charlemagne becomes the sole ruler of the Frankish Empire after the death of his brother Carloman.
1131: Persian poet Omar Khaiyyam dies.
1783: First US president George Washington delivers his farewell address to his officers in New York City.
1816: James Monroe becomes the fifth president of the US.
1829: The British abolished 'Sati' in India (in which a widow burntherself to death on her husband's funeral pyre).
1861: US Senate expels Kentucky Senator John C. Brekinridge for joining the Confederate Army.
Queen Victoria prohibits the export of gunpowder, firearms and material for their production.
1888: Historian Romesh Chandra Majumdar was born.
1910: Former president of India R Venkataraman was born.
1919: Former prime minister IK Gujral was born.
1924: Lord Riding inaugurates the Gateway of India.
1941: Operation Taifun launched by the German army in October to take over Moscow that year is halted because of extreme weather conditions.
1945: The Senate approves the USA's participation in the UN.
1950: The University of Tennessee defies court rulings, rejects five Negro applicants.
1952: The Grumman XS2F-1 makes its maiden flight.
1977: Indian cricketer Ajit Agarkar was born.
1978: Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor.
1981: President Ronald Reagan broadens the espionage power of the CIA.
1982: Asian Games concludes in New Delhi.
1985: Robert McFarland resigns as National Security Advisor.
1992: US president George HW Bush orders dispatching 28,000 troops to Somalia for the civil war.
1999: 1,690 Indian soldiers leave for Sierra Leone in Africa to join the UN mission to implement the peace accord.
2003: Interpol put former president of Liberia Charles Taylor on its most-wanted list.