December 27 in history: 372 miners died in Chasnala mine tragedy in 1975

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Bengaluru, Dec 27: Today is Saturday, December 27, 2014. What happened on this day in history? Oneindia takes a look at the past:

Chasnala mining disaster

1797: Urdu poet and writer Mirza Ghalib was born at Agra.

1831: Charles Darwin began his voyage aboard the HMS Beagle.

1911: India's National Anthem Jana Gana Mana was first sung at the Indian National Congress session in Kolkata (then Calcutta)

National Anthem Jana Gana Mana

1913: Charles Moyer, president of the Miners Union in USA, was shot in the back and dragged through the streets of Chicago.

1915: Iron and steel workers go on strike in Ohio demanding eight-hour work and higher wages.

1932: Radio City Music Hall in New York opened.

1939: 11,000 killed in earthquake in Turkey.

1945: The The International Monetary Fund and the Bank for Reconstruction and Development were set up.

1949: The Dutch transferred sovereignty to Indonesia after over 300 years of ruling.

1950: The US and Spain resume relations for the first time since the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s.

1956: Segregation of buses outlawed in Tallahassee in Florida in US.

1975: The Chasnala mine tragedy happened near Dhanbad, killing 372 miners. The film Kala Patthar was made on this tragedy.

1977: Congress party splits.

1979: Afganistan president Hafizullah Amin of Afghanistan ousted and murdered in a coup backed by the Soviet Union. Babrak Karmal was installed as the president of Afghanistan.

1985: Palestinian guerrillas kill 18 people at Rome and Vienna airports.

1988: The first hot-air Cross India Balloon began its flight in Rajasthan.

1996: Rwanda's first genocide trial opened for the killing of 8,00,000 Tutsis two years ago.

Taliban forces reclaim strategic Bagram Airfield during Afghan civil war.

Bengali litterateur Mahashweta Devi won the Gyanpith Award.

1998: Communal violence breaks out in Gujarat.

Communal violence

2001: US president George W Bush permanently normalises trade relations with China.

The US announced plans to hold Taliban and al-Qaeda prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.

2007: Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in Rawalpindi in Pakistan.

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