1762: France gives Spain all land west of the Mississippi, which is known as Upper Lousiana.
1800: The French defeat the Austrians in the Battle of Hohenlinden near Munich in Germany.
1818: Illinois becomes the 21st state of the United States of America.
1882: Nandalal Bose, famous painter of the Bengal School of Art, was born.
1884: India's first president Rajendra Prasad was born.
1889: India's young martyr Khudiram Bose was born.
1906: The US Supreme Court orders extradition of leaders of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.
1916: French commander Joseph Joffre, who played a key role in defeating the Germans in the First Battle of Marne in 1914, dismissed after his failure in the Battle at Somme.
1918: The Allied Powers' conference concludes in London. In the meeting, it was decided that Germany must pay for World War I.
1950: The Chinese approach Pyongyang and UN forces retreat southwards.
1967: French painter and sculptor Pierre A Renoir dies.
1971: India-Pakistan war over Bangladesh begins.
1979: Hockey legend Dhyanchand passes away.
1984: Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal in India results in the deaths of thousands while several more are injured. [Bhopal gas tragedy: 3 decades later, the curse is still on]
Dr. Christiaan N Barnard performed the world's first successful human heart transplant.
1989: Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.
1992: World's first text message is sent.
1997: Representatives of 121 nations sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting making or deployment of antipersonnel landmines. The USA, former USSR and China do not sign.
2005: US Mail's first manned rocket aircraft delivery takes place in Mojave, California.
2009: Suicide bombing kills 25 in Mogadishu, Somalia.