Bengaluru, Dec 12: Today is Friday, December 12, 2014. What happened on this day in history? Oneindia takes a look at the past:
1770: British soldiers responsible for the Boston Massacre were acquitted.
1787: Pennsylvania became the second state to ratify the US Constitution.
1862: USS Cairo becomes the first ship to be a sunk by a naval mine in Yazoo River in the USA.
1870: Joseph Rainey becomes the first African American in the US House of Representatives.
1901: Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio transmission.
1905: Mulkraj Anand, Indo-Anglian novelist, was born in Peshawar in modern-day Pakistan.
1921: Mahatma Gandhi organises a complete boycott of the visit of Prince of Wales to Allahabad.
1927: Communist forces seize Canton in China.
1930: The Spanish Civil War begins.
The last Allied troops withdraw from the Saar region in Germany.
1931: Chiang Kai-shek resigns as president of the Nanking Government under the communists's pressure.
1943: The German Army launches Operation Winter Tempest to free the Sixth Army trapped in Stalingrad.
1950: Actor Rajinikanth was born in Bangalore.
1956: The UN calls for immediate Soviet withdrawal from Hungary.
1959: US President Dwight D. Eisenhower visited India.
Cricketer Krishnamachari Srikkanth was born in Chennai (then Madras)
1964: Kenya becomes a republic.
1981: Cricketer Yuvaraj Singh was born in Chandigarh.
1985: Arrow Air Flight 1285 crashes at Gander, Newfoundland, Canada; 256 killed including many US troops.
1991: The Russian Federation becomes independent from the USSR.
1994: Pawan Kumar Chamling takes oath as Sikkim chief minister. He has continued ever since. TDP leader NT Rama Rao takes oath as Andhra Pradesh CM.
1995: Willie Brown becomes the first African-American mayor of San Francisco.
1998: The House Judiciary Committee approved a fourth and final article of impeachment against US President Clinton.
2000: The US Supreme Court announced its decision in Bush versus Gore, ending legal changes to the results of that year's presidential election.