December 1: Dalits massacred in Laxmanpur Bathe in Bihar in 1997

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Bengaluru, Dec 1: Today is Monday, December 1, 2014. What happened on this day in history? Oneindia takes a look at the past:

 Laxmanpur Bathe in Bihar

1135: Henry I of England dies and he is succeeded by his nephew Stephen of Bloise.

1581: Edmund Champion and other Jesuit martyrs hanged in England for sedition.

1862: US President Abraham Lincoln gives the State of the Union address to the 37th Congress.

1887: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appears for the first time in print in "A Study in Scarlet."

1909: US President William Howard Taft ends official relations with Nicaragua's Zelaya government and announces support for revolutionaries.

1918: American occupation army enters Germany.

1941: Japanese leader Tojo rejects US proposals for a Pacific settlement unrealistic.

US hold first Civil Air Patrol.

1954: Social activist Medha Patkar was born.

1959: Twelve nations, including the United States, signed a treaty whereby Antarctica would be set aside as a scientific preserve free from military activity.

1963: Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India.

1965: The Border Security Force (BSF) is formed.

1971: Indian Army recaptures parts of Kashmir.

1974: Freedom fighter Sucheta Kripalini dies.

1980: Cricketer Mohammad Kaif was born.

kaif

1981: AIDS virus officially recognised. December 1 observed as World Aids DAY.

1988: Benazir Bhutto becomes the first woman prime minister of Pakistan and also the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.

Dec 1: This day in history

1989: East Germany's parliament changes its constitution.

1991: Ukraine votes to approve a referendum seeking independence from the Soviet Union.

1997: Representatives from over 150 countries gathered at a global warming summit in Kyoto, Japan. The USA pulled out of the summit in 2001.

Sixty-three Dalits allegedly killed by the Ranavir Sena at Lakshman Bathe in Bihar's Arwal district.

1999: Late Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi 'Woman of the Millennium' in a BBC poll.

2001: Trans World Airlines' final flight after the carrier is purchased by American Airlines.

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