Bangalore, July 3: Nineteen-year-old college student Ishrat Jahan along with three other men were killed in an alleged encounter by officers of Ahmedabad Crime Branch on June 15, 2004. The CBI was set to file chargesheet on Wednesday on the case, which observers feel could have major ramifications for Indian politics.
Let us look back at the chronology of events in the controversial case:
June 15, 2004: Ishrat and the three men, Javed Sheikh alias Pranesh Pillai, Amjad Ali Rana and Zeeshan Johar, were killed in a police encounter in the outskirts of Ahmedabad. The police held that the group had links to Lashkar-e-Taiba and were planning to kill Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi.
December 2006: Gujarat High Court admits special criminal application of Ishrat's mother, Shamima Kausar, who said that her daughter was killed in a fake encounter.
September 2009: Ahmedabad Metropolitan Magistrate SP Tamang termed the encounter as "fake".
August 2010: The Gujarat High Court asked a SIT appointed by the Supreme Court to take up the case. The SIT was headed by former CBI director R K Raghavan who had investigated the 2002 Gujarat riots.
September 2010: The high court set up a new SIT after the Raghavan-led SIT said it could not undertake the investigation. Karnail Singh was its first chief but he quit later, followed by successors Satyapal Singh and J V Ramadu.November 2010: The apex court dismissed the Gujarat government's plea challenging the high court's order to set up the new SIT.
December 2010: The three-member SIT began its probe. It started recording statements of the witnesses and police officers involved.
January 2011: One of the SIT members filed an affidavit saying that the encounter was fake one and also accused the other two members of not allowing the investigation to be carried out in a fair manner.April 2011: The Gujarat High Court division bench told the state authorities that it will transfer the probe to central agencies like the CBI or NIA if the SIT wasn't allowed to function properly.
July 2011: Rajiv Ranjan Verma, a 1978 batch IPS officer from the Bihar cadre was appointed as the new chairman of the SIT.
November 2011: The SIT, led by Verma, informed the court that the encounter was staged. The court's division bench ordered a fresh FIR under IPC 302 against those involved in the encounter. Also in the same month, the CBI arrested four Rajasthan policemen. The high court also rejected the state government's proposal to transfer the case to the Special Task Force.
December 2011: The court ordered CBI probe into the case after the SIT held that the encounter was a staged affair. The Gujarat police was indicted and the court asked the SIT chief to be a complainant in the fresh FIR to be lodged with the CBI. The CBI, subsequently, lodged a fresh FIR against 21 police officers.
February 2013: After over a year of probing, the CBI arrested IPA officer GL Singhal who had allegedly pulled the trigger on Ishrat and the others. Two other police officers JG Parmar and Tarun Barot were also arrested. They were part of the teams that killed Jahan and the others.
March 2013: Singhal resigns, expressing his unhappiness over the state government's treatment.
June 2013: IPS officer DG Vanzara arrested by CBI. It was also around this time that a row broke out between the CBI and IB over the alleged involvement of a top IB official, Rajindra Kumar, in the case.The CBI also removed IPS Satish Verma from its probe team. Verma was a nominee of Ishrat's mother in the SIT formed by the Gujarat High Court.
The court also asked the CBI to file chargesheet by July, 13.