The government has identified 51 districts for the roll out of the scheme in the first phase beginning Jan 1.
Speaking at the 11th Petro India Conference organised by India Energy Forum and Observer Research Foundation, Oil Secretary GC Chaturvedi said direct cash transfer is "a very good concept as it will check a lot of pilferage that is currently taking place in marketing of cooking gas."
The scheme involves government transferring cash subsidy of Rs 520.50 in bank accounts of LPG consumers and asking them to buy their LPG at market price of Rs 931 per cylinder.
Presently, oil companies sell LPG at subsidised rates of Rs 410.50 per cylinder in Delhi and the difference between the cost and price realised is made good by subsidy dole out to them. This has led to subsidised LPG being diverted to unintended use like commercial establishments who are otherwise supposed to buy gas at market price.
"But the cash transfer is not easy as Aadhaar penetration is very low. Only 20 crore population has been enrolled for Aadhaar out of the population of 120 crore. "Rolling out direct cash transfer in districts, Aadhaar penetration of less than 80-90 per cent will be difficult. We cannot make Aadhaar for cash transfers as the basis in such places," he said.
"The direct cash transfer for LPG will be first implemented in 20 districts and the remaining 31 districts will be covered in February or March. Earlier, UIDAI had said they will reach 80 per cent penetration in the 31 districts by April but now they say they will expedite the process, so may be in February can be launch the scheme in those districts," he added.
Sources in the Petroleum Ministry said another hindrance in the roll out of direct cash subsidy transfer scheme is that less than half of the beneficiaries currently have bank accounts. Absence of bank branches in key locations in the districts is one of the reasons for the beneficiaries not having bank accounts.
Also, before issuing LPG subsidy, consumers who hold more than one LPG connection would have to be identified. While it is possible to identify consumers with more than one connection with the same oil company, it is difficult to trace ones who have multiple connections from different companies.
The government had in September decided to restrict supply of subsidised LPG to 6 cylinders per household in a year. Any requirement above that would have to be purchased at market price.