But majority of them migrate not purely of their own volition. Sixty-one per cent urban women migrate due to marriage as against 91 per cent in rural India.
The 14th issue of the report named "Women and men in India-2012" shows that the trend of migration is getting more popular within women in comparison to men both in rural and urban areas. The report was published on Oct 31, 2012. The report says that the share of rural migrant females stood at a high 47.7 per cent as compared with a paltry 5.4 per cent to their male counterparts.
The pattern is similarly evident among urban female migrants as well. As against 25.9 per cent of urban men, 45.6 per cent of urban women have migrated.
Reasoning the higher rate female migration, Professor Kamla Ganesh, an expert in migration studies from University of Mumbai, says, "Women now move from rural to urban areas because they now prefer a hassle free life. They are now keen to have an independent life and want to stay within a nuclear family which is more customised and less monotonous."
The report also suggests that out of the total female rural migrants 91.2 per cent migrated due to marriage followed by 4.4 per cent due to movement of parents/earning member.