A criminal complaint filed today in the Southern District of New York charges Manssor Arbabsiar, a 56-year-old naturalised US citizen holding both Iranian and US passports, and Gholam Shakuri, an Iran-based member of Iran's Qods Force, a special operations unit of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) that is said to sponsor and promote terrorist activities abroad.
The charges against the two include conspiracy to murder a foreign official, conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction and conspiracy to commit an act of international terrorism transcending national boundaries.
Arbabsiar is further charged with an additional count of foreign travel and use of interstate and foreign commerce facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire. While Shakuri remains at large, Arbabsiar was arrested on September 29 at New York's John F Kennedy International Airport.
He will make his initial appearance today before in federal court in Manhattan and faces a maximum potential sentence of life in prison if convicted of all the charges.
"The criminal complaint unsealed today exposes a deadly plot directed by factions of the Iranian government to assassinate a foreign Ambassador on US soil with explosives," Attorney General Eric Holder said, announcing the charges.
The criminal complaint alleges that Arbabsiar and his Iran-based co-conspirators, including Shakuri began plotting the murder of the Saudi Ambassador early this year.
Arbabsiar allegedly met in Mexico with a DEA undercover agent, who had posed as an associate of a violent international drug trafficking cartel.
Arbabsiar arranged to hire the agent and his accomplices to murder the Ambassador. With Shakuri's approval, Arbabsiar allegedly wire transferred 100,000 dollars to a US bank account for the killing.
The IRCG is an arm of the Iranian military that is composed of a number of branches, including the Qods Force. The Qods Force conducts sensitive covert operations abroad, including terrorist attacks, assassinations and kidnappings, and is believed to sponsor attacks against Coalition Forces in Iraq.
In October 2007, the US Treasury Department designated the Qods Force for providing material support to the Taliban and other terrorist organizations, the complaint said.
Arbabsiar also told the undercover agent that he was interested in attacking an embassy of Saudi Arabia. In a July 14 meeting in Mexico, the undercover agent allegedly told Arbabsiar that his price for carrying out the murder was USD 1.5 million.
Arbabsiar agreed and stated that the murder of the Ambassador should be handled first, before the execution of other attacks. He also described to the agent his cousin in Iran, who he said had requested that Arbabsiar find someone to carry out the Ambassador's assassination.
According to the complaint, Arbabsiar indicated that his cousin was a "big general" in the Iranian military; that he focuses on matters outside Iran and that he had taken certain unspecified actions related to a bombing in Iraq.
Arbabsiar had made it clear that the assassination needed to go forward, despite mass casualties, telling the agent "They want that guy [the Ambassador] done [killed], even if "hundred" people were killed with him."