"We are confident that the next government (in Assam) will be a Congress-led govt. And therefore, I am confident that the new government will resume the talks," he told reporters at a press conference here.
He was responding to a question about the fate of peace dialogue being initiated in Assam in the event of change of guards in the state.
"Even otherwise, I suppose any responsible government, will resume talks," he said.
Elections to the 126-member Assam Assembly were held on April 4 and 11 and results will be declared onn Friday, May 13. Tarun Gogoi-led Congress government has been in power in Assam since 2001.
Chidambaram said after the new ministry in Assam is formed, the government will resume negotiations with all insurgent groups who have come forward for talks.
"Among the subjects that are on the table are empowering the autonomous district councils and providing them funds.
There is no reason to fear that there is an attempt to alienate Karbi Anglong. There is no such fear," he said.
Referring to his recent visit to Manipur, the Home Minister said that in Manipur the violence was at a level lower than last year but that was not a matter of satisfaction because at least three or four groups like PLA, PREPAK and ULNF were still not in a mood for peace dialogue.
"They are still engaged in hostile acts. There is still insurgency. That is why I reviewed the law and order situation in Manipur. (Top insurgent leader) Magon is already in custody. A few others have to be apprehended and I advised the state government to be vigilant and try to apprehend these leaders of insurgent groups," he said.