A bench of justices HS Bedi and CK Prasad asked the Chhattisgarh government to file its response within four weeks. The bench passed the order despite counsel for Sen seeking adjournment of the matter till Monday.
Sen (61) had moved the apex court challenging the order of the Chhattisgarh High Court which had rejected his bail plea on Feb 10.
A professional doctor, who studied in Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, Sen has sought bail contending that the trial court has erred in convicting him as there was no substantial evidence against him.
Sen, Vice President of People's Union of Civil Liberties, was convicted for sedition and sentenced to life imprisonment along with Naxal ideologue Narayan Sanyal and Kolkata businessman Piyush Guha for colluding with Naxals to establish a network to fight the state.
Human rights and social activists have described Sen's conviction and sentence as "politically motivated."