An adjournment motion is seen as an instrument of censure against the government's policies.
Meira Kumar, after protests by a united Opposition, said she was allowing the members who had given her adjournment notices to speak under "special circumstances."
"The government won't fall. But we definitely want to censure this government because they are troubling the common man," said Opposition leader Sushma Swaraj.
Samajwadi Party leader Mulayam Singh said the Opposition was "expressing the sentiments of the people as 85-90 percent of the population are suffering due to rising prices."
Janata Dal-United (JD-U) leader Sharad Yadav had said the the Opposition didn't want the government to fall.
"We want to stop rising prices. We want to jolt the government out of a slumber," added Yadav.
After listening to the viewpoints of the Opposition and the government, the speaker will decide whether the issue calls for an adjournment motion that entails voting.