Washington, May 11 (ANI): A study has found that a hookah or shisha, which is believed to be safer than smoking cigarettes, contains nicotine, carbon monoxide, and carcinogens that are more harmful.
Hookahs or waterpipes are gaining in popularity among the younger generation, with almost one-quarter of young adults in Montreal having used them in the past year.
"The popularity of waterpipes may be due in part to perceptions that they are safer than cigarettes," senior investigator Jennifer O'Loughlin, a professor at the University of Montreal Department Of Social and Preventive Medicine and a scientist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center, said.
"However, waterpipe smoke contains nicotine, carbon monoxide, carcinogens and may contain greater amounts of tar and heavy metals than cigarette smoke," she warned.
As part of a longitudinal cohort investigation (NDIT Study), 871 youth aged 18 to 24 completed questionnaires on their smoking habits.
The research team, which included scientists from the University of Montreal, the National Institute of Public Health of Quebec and McGill University, found that 23 percent of respondents had used a waterpipe within the last 12 months and that 5 percent had used waterpipes one or more times in the past month.
The study found waterpipes to be particularly popular among young, English-speaking males who lived on their own and had a higher household income.
In addition, the research team found that waterpipe users were more likely to use other psychoactive substances such as cigarettes, marijuana, illicit drugs and alcohol.
The study has been published in the journal Pediatrics. (ANI)