"City police ticketed her last night and she will have to pay a 500-euro (USD 650) fine. As far as I know this is a first in Italy," Mauro Franzinelli of the Novara municipal police said.
He said that the woman can appeal against it.
The woman, a Tunisian citizen, was with her husband when she was stopped by the police officers outside a post office.
The police called in a patrol comprising a woman officer when her husband objected to her being identified by male officers.
Italy had imposed a ban on wearing burqa in public or covering face while driving since 1975.
"City hall adopted a decree in late January banning the burqa in public places and their vicinity, which is based on a commentary by the interior ministry who received a copy of the draft," said Franzinelli, who is also a local Northern League official.