Washington, Feb 10 (ANI): The most accurate measurement yet made of the universe's age has determined that our universe is about 20 million years older than thought.
According to a report in National Geographic News, the estimate was made using latest data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), a satellite launched in 2001 that has been mapping what's known as the cosmic microwave background radiation.
This "afterglow of creation" is believed to be radiation emitted as matter began to cool 400,000 years after the big bang created the universe.
The faint, almost uniform radiation is coming from every direction in the sky, and it can be picked up from billions of light-years away.
By mapping the cosmic microwave background, WMAP is literally creating a picture of the early years of the cosmos.
With precise enough measurements, scientists can detect slight variations in temperature in this primordial light: hot and cold spots that eventually formed the seeds of galaxies.
By matching the size of the spots-as well as other WMAP data-to hundreds of millions of mathematical models of the universe, researchers can determine which model best matches reality.
"I like to describe it as a fingerprint," said study co-author Charles Bennett, an astrophysicist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.
"We can make a bunch of computer simulations of universes that all look different," by inputting different values for the unknowns, such as the exact age and the amount of dark matter," he added.
"Then we have a mug book of these simulations"-an astrophysical version of a collection of mug shots used to help witnesses identify criminals-"and our fingerprint, which is our map of the sky," he said.
"We just look to see what matches, and we say, That's what our universe looks like," he added.
Based on seven years of WMAP data, Bennett and colleagues concluded that the universe is 13.75 billion years old, give or take 0.11 billion.
Previous calculations using the same methods but fewer data had said the universe is 13.73 billion years old, give or take 0.12 billion.
Twenty million years might seem short, in the grand scheme of things.
But the new, more tightly defined age will give scientists a better shot at solving some of the great mysteries of the universe, such as dark matter and dark energy. (ANI)