The opposition party also charged him with making a mess of the country's food economy.
Speaking to reporters, BJP spokesman Ravi Shankar Prasad demanded an inquiry into the food procurement business.
"The nation is entitled to know how under an economist prime minister, the food economy of India is so much mismanaged," he said.
He further said, "Either the government was befooling people about claims of record food production or there is mismanagement."
However, NCP general secretary Tariq Anwar rubbished criticism of Pawar and said most people understand that the agriculture minister cannot be blamed.
"No sensible person can talk like this. Price rise was a temporary phase. It is not specific to India but a global phenomenon," he said.
Anwar added that drought, floods and delay in monsoon last year had also contributed to rise in prices.