Washington, January 10 (ANI): An Israeli professor has decoded the Hebrew inscription on a 3,000-year-old piece of pottery, which he says provides evidence that parts of the bible were written hundreds of years earlier than suspected.
The pottery shard was discovered at excavations at Khirbet Qeiyafa near the Elah valley in Israel - about 18 miles west of Jerusalem.
According to Fox News, carbon dating by places it in the 10th century BC, making the shard about 1,000 years older than the Dead Sea scrolls.
Professor Gershon Galil of the University of Haifa, Israel, deciphered the ancient writing, basing his interpretation on the use of verbs and content particular to the Hebrew language.
The inscription is the earliest example of Hebrew writing found, which stands in opposition to the dating of the composition of the Bible in current research.
Prior to this discovery, it was not believed that the Bible or parts of it could have been written this long ago.
The significance of this breakthrough relates to the fact that at least some of the biblical scriptures were composed hundreds of years before the dates presented today in research and that the Kingdom of Israel already existed at that time.
The inscription itself, which was written in ink on a 15 cm X 16.5 cm trapezoid pottery shard, was discovered a year and a half ago at excavations that were carried out by Professor Yosef Garfinkel at Khirbet Qeiyafa near the Elah valley.
The inscription was dated back to the 10th century BCE, which was the period of King David's reign, but the question of the language used in this inscription remained unanswered, making it impossible to prove whether it was in fact Hebrew or another local language.
Professor Galil's deciphering of the ancient writing testifies to its being Hebrew, based on the use of verbs particular to the Hebrew language, and content specific to Hebrew culture and not adopted by any other cultures in the region.
"This text is a social statement, relating to slaves, widows and orphans. It uses verbs that were characteristic of Hebrew," Professor Galil said.
"The present inscription provides social elements similar to those found in the biblical prophecies and very different from prophecies written by other cultures postulating glorification of the gods and taking care of their physical needs," he explained. (ANI)