In the political front the world was abuzz with activities. Barack Obama came in with his promise of change in the United States and became its first black president. Meanwhile, China witnessed the worst ethnic clash which claimed more than 200 lives and injured 1, 600.
The much talked about Copenhagen Summit on climate cahnge ended into a disappointment
The world top political stories are listed below:
1. Barack Obama's Election
Democratic candidate Barack Obama won the historic US presidential election on Nov 5, 2008 and became the first black president of the nation.
Obama defeated Republican candidate John McCain with 338 electoral votes against McCain's 156 votes.
The Illinois senator was sworn in as the 44th US president on Jan 20, 2009.
2. US Deploys More Troops in Afghanistan
President Barack Obama has announced plans to deploy 30,000 US troops in Afghanistan by mid-2010 inorder to win war in Afghanistan.
The move by the Obama drew criticism for all corners with many saying that he was no different form Bush.
In an attempt to clear the air Obama mentioned the deployment of more troops in Afghanistan in his acceptance speech in Nobel Peace Prize Award ceremony in Oslo.
3. Bill Clinton Rescues Journalists From North Korea
Former US president Bill Clinton met with communist leader Kim Jong Il to secure the release of two US journalists Euna Lee and Laura Ling.
Lee and Ling, reporters for Al Gore's San Francisco-based Current TV were sentenced to 12 years 12 years of hard labor for entering the country illegally.
The reporters were granted pardon after 140-days of custody following intervention from Bill Clinton.
Clinton traveled as an unofficial envoy with the administrations prior approval and coordination.
The duo were arrested in North Korean-Chinese border in March while on a reporting trip for Current TV.
4. China opposes Dalai Lama's Arunachal Visit
Dalai Lama's proposed visit to Arunachal Pradesh faced severe opposition from China. China asked India to stopped the religious leader form visiting the state, alleging that trip was intended to draw anti-China sentiment in the region.
However, prime minister Manmohan Singh snubbed china saying that the Dalai Lama was highly respected in India and he was free to travel in any parts of the country as long as he is not involved in any political activity.
However, India urged the religious to reschedule some of its plans including his inaugural speech.
5. Copehagen Summit
The historic Copenhagen Summit on climate Change ended with as disappointment as nations failed to come out an impressive international agreement to bring down global warming.
The conference of 192 countries turned into a war of words between US and china, with each asking the other to stick to its promise to control carbon emission
However, an agreement to limit global warming to a 3.6F (2C) temperature rise, alongside a $100 billion (£62bn) a year in aid from 2020 was forged at the end of the summit.
The summit also faced opposition from campaigners who said that the agreement was inadequate to bring out climate change.
6. China Riot
In one of the most gruesome ethnic unrest, 200 people were killed in China's western Xinjiang region. More than 1,600 were feared injured.
The clash broke out Xinjiang's Uighurs Muslims and China's majority Han ethnic group.
The riot was the largest the ethnic clash since the Tibetan uprising in March 2008.
7. Sri Lanka Ends LTTE's Rule
Sri Lanka finally put an end to the decade long fight with terrorism in the country.
LTTE chief Velupillai Prabhakaran was killed with his family by the Sri Lanka special for fprce as he tried to escape in an armour plated van.
A two-hour exchange of fire followed and the forces fired a rocket at the van brining an end to the battle.
8. North Korea Nuclear Test
North Korea earned the world's outrage as the nation underwent a nuclear test in protest against the UN security council unanimously voted a ban North Korea for testing a rocket on April 5, 2009.
The undergorund test was announced just hours before the the U.S. Geological Survey reported a magnitude 4.7 seismic disturbance at the site of North Korea's first nuclear test.
9. Pakistan Offensive Against Taliban
Pakistan launch its offensive against Taliban in Oct 18 in South Wazaristan.
The move by the Pakistan army drew strong retaliation from the terrorist gorup as the country was plagued by endless suicide attacks.
Peshawar and Lahore became the hub of suicide bombings. More than 100 people were killed in the blast in Peshawar market just a day before the arrival of US secretary of state Hillary Clinton.
10. Aung Suu Kyi Trial
World leaders demanded the Burma to release opposition leader Aung San Suu kyi and 2000 others.
United Nations body has called the 19 years detention Suu Kyi as illegal.
Echoing the unanimous appeal to end the decade long trial Barack Obama said that Bruma will achieve true prosperity when the Suu Kyi was released.
Supporters feared that Suu Kyi would not be released until the 2010 election.