Ramakrishnan received the Nobel prize from Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf at a formal event in Stockholm's Concert Hall.
India-born Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, a senior scientist at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology at Cambridge co-won the Nobel Prize for mapping ribosomes at the atomic level.
Born in 1952, in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, Ramakrishnan shared the Nobel prize with Thomas A Steitz and Ada E Yonath.
"This year's Nobel Prize in Chemistry awards Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A Steitz and Ada E Yonath for having showed what the ribosome looks like and how it functions at atomic level," the Nobel committee had said in its citation.
Ramakrishnan earned his BSc in Physics (1971) from Baroda University and his PhD in Physics (1976) from Ohio University.
He moved into biology at the University of California, San Diego, where he took a year of classes, then conducted research with Dr Mauricio Montal, a membrane biochemist.