Washington, November 25 (ANI): In the first video showing the auroras above the northern latitudes of Saturn, Cassini has spotted the tallest known "northern lights" in the solar system, flickering in shape and brightness in a 'ghostly dance' high above the ringed planet.
The new video reveals changes in Saturn's aurora every few minutes, in high resolution, with three dimensions.
The images show a previously unseen vertical profile to the auroras, which ripple in the video like tall curtains.
These curtains reach more than 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) above the edge of the planet's northern hemisphere.
Auroras occur on Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, and a few other planets, and the new images will help scientists better understand how they are generated.
"The auroras have put on a dazzling show, shape-shifting rapidly and exposing curtains that we suspected were there, but hadn't seen on Saturn before," said Andrew Ingersoll of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, who is a member of the Cassini imaging team that processed the new video.
"Seeing these things on another planet helps us understand them a little better when we see them on Earth," he added.
Auroras appear mostly in the high latitudes near a planet's magnetic poles.
When charged particles from the magnetosphere - the magnetic bubble surrounding a planet - plunge into the planet's upper atmosphere, they cause the atmosphere to glow.
The curtain shapes show the paths that these charged particles take as they flow along the lines of the magnetic field between the magnetosphere and the uppermost part of the atmosphere.
"The height of the curtains on Saturn exposes a key difference between Saturn's atmosphere and our own," Ingersoll said.
While Earth's atmosphere has a lot of oxygen and nitrogen, Saturn's atmosphere is composed primarily of hydrogen.
Because hydrogen is very light, the atmosphere and auroras reach far out from Saturn.
Earth's auroras tend to flare only about 100 to 500 kilometers (60 to 300 miles) above the surface.
The speed of the auroral changes in the video is comparable to some of those on Earth, but scientists are still working to understand the processes that produce these rapid changes.
The height will also help them learn how much energy is required to light up auroras.
"I was wowed when I saw these images and the curtain," said Tamas Gombosi of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
"Put this together with the other data Cassini has collected on the auroras so far, and you really get a new science," he added. (ANI)