Washington, November 12 (ANI): The SUNRISE balloon-borne telescope, the result of an international project, has delivered images that show the complex interplay on the solar surface to a level of detail never before achieved.he SUNRISE is a collaborative project between the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Katlenburg-Lindau and partners in Germany, Spain and the USA.
Carried by a gigantic helium balloon with a capacity of a million cubic metres and a diameter of around 130 metres, SUNRISE reached a cruising altitude of 37 kilometres above the Earth's surface.
The observation conditions in this layer of the atmosphere, known as the stratosphere, are similar to those in outer space.
For one thing, the images are no longer affected by air turbulence; and for another, the camera can also zoom in on the Sun in ultraviolet light, which would otherwise be absorbed by the ozone layer.
After separating from the balloon, SUNRISE parachuted safely down to Earth on June 14th, landing on Somerset Island, a large island in Canada's Nunavut Territory situated in the Northwest Passage, the seaway through the Arctic Ocean between the Atlantic and the Pacific.
The work of analyzing the total of 1.8 terabytes of observation data recorded by the telescope during its five-day flight has only just begun.
Yet the first findings already give a promising indication that the mission will bring our understanding of the Sun and its activity a great leap forward.
What is particularly interesting is the connection between the strength of the magnetic field and the brightness of tiny magnetic structures.
Since the magnetic field varies in an eleven-year cycle of activity, the increased presence of these foundational elements brings a rise in overall solar brightness - resulting in greater heat input to the Earth.
The variations in solar radiation are particularly pronounced in ultraviolet light. This light does not reach the surface of the Earth; the ozone layer absorbs and is warmed by it.
During its flight through the stratosphere, SUNRISE carried out the first ever study of the bright magnetic structures on the solar surface in this important spectral range with a wavelength of between 200 and 400 nanometres.
"Thanks to its excellent optical quality, the SUFI instrument was able to depict the very small magnetic structures with high intensity contrast, while the IMaX instrument simultaneously recorded the magnetic field and the flow velocity of the hot gas in these structures and their environment," said Dr. Achim Gandorfer, project scientist for SUNRISE at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research. (ANI)