Berlin, October 22 (ANI): Researchers at Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Institute in Germany are working on new quality assurance systems for lightweight construction.
"To ensure that police and marine emergency services can rely on their lifeboats, even in high seas, the lightweight components undergo comprehensive quality assurance before being put to actual use," said Joachim Montnacher, Head of Department for Testing Systems at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA in Stuttgart.
Together with Dr. Tina Wilhelm, Group Manager for Measurement and Testing Technology, and colleague Wolfgang Schmidt, the experts are hard at work on quality assurance systems for lightweight construction.
At the Composites Europe trade show (October 27 - 29) in Stuttgart, the researchers will present a combination of two testing systems: shearography and thermography.
"Shearography is a laser optical procedure that allows measurement of material deformations in the triple-digit nanometer range. Thermography allows one to measure temperature differences on the surface of materials with accuracy of just a few Millikelvins," said Dr. Tina Wilhelm.
"If an air pocket is enclosed on the adhesive side of a component, then the thermographic camera will measure different heat values than those of the properly seamed locations. With shearography, the material expands differently at the site where a defect occurs," she added.
For both procedures, the material must be stimulated mechanically, thermally or electrically, using force, ultrasound or light.
The experts measure twice: Once before and once after the stimulus.
The measurement values clearly indicate where delaminations, that is, defects in the bonded connection, have occurred with the materials during processing.
"Depending on the procedure, various physical effects are used for the testing. What's important is that you can reliably detect defects with the two technologies - and specifically both on the surface and in the interior of the component," said Montnacher.
"Since it is necessary to apply a stimulus to the materials being tested in any case, the combination allows you to eliminate one processing step, while simultaneously improving quality control," he added.
At the trade show, the IPA researchers will demonstrate the two testing technologies on a clutch disk. (ANI)