The World Bank pointed out that the country was doing worse that Vietnam and Bangladesh in enrolling students in secondary education.
"Lack of quality assurance mechanism and sub-standard textbooks have left the secondary level education a neglected area in India, a World Bank report said.
"Thirty seven per cent students fail before the final examination and 11 per cent drop out during the period (class nine-12)," it said.
It also said with "larger numbers of India's children now finishing primary school, the demand for secondary schooling – Grades nine to 12 – is growing. Over the next decade, the number of secondary school students is expected to increase from 40 to 60 million".
"Even countries like Vietnam and Bangladesh, which have lower per capita incomes than India, have higher gross enrollment rates (GER) in secondary schools. India's GER in secondary school is 40 per cent compared to 70 per cent in East Asia and 82 per cent in Latin America," the bank added.