Chidambaram also met the Homeland Security Secretary, Janet Napolitano and the US Attorney General Eric H Holder Jr.
He also had a meeting with Senator Dianne Feinstein, the Chairwoman of Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
Chidambaram is scheduled to meet the Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton on Thursday, Sep 10.
"He is meeting with the Secretary on Sep 10, and a lot of this, of course, will be follow-up from the Secretary's trip to India," State Department spokesman Ian Kelly told reporters.
"We have a large and growing bilateral agenda with India, including cooperation in the area that would come under his portfolio, under home affairs. And we look forward to continuing that dialogue that we began when we were in India a few months ago," Kelly said.
Home Minister will also seek Washington's intervention in making Pakistan take action against the perpetrators of the Mumbai terror attacks.