China has become the first country in the world to be ready with a vaccine.
Teenage students in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong will be at the front of the line when the government starts administering injections during October.
"With 1.3 billion people, we are limited in our ability to provide vaccines for all. Therefore, we have to continue with protective measures," China Daily quoted Health Minister Chen Zhu, as saying.
So far, H1N1 has infected 5,592 people across the Chinese mainland. Chen warned that China faces an uphill battle in trying to contain the H1N1 virus.
Under the Health Ministry's plan, people with chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, pregnant women, health care workers, border control officers, rail and aviation workers, soldiers and police will be given second priority.
Chen said the plan was "in line with the World Health Organization (WHO)'s suggestions."