Washington, July 3 (ANI): A new study has determined that the forests of the Pacific Northwest hold significant potential to increase carbon storage and help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years.
In the complete absence of stand-replacing disturbances - via fire or timber harvest - forests of Oregon and Northern California could theoretically almost double their carbon storage.
Although it isn't realistic to expect an absence of disturbance, the estimates were based on average conditions up until now that include variation in forest biomass, age, climate, disturbances and soil fertility.
If all forest stands in this region were just allowed to increase in age by 50 years, their potential to store atmospheric carbon would still increase by 15 percent, the study concluded.
According to scientists, that would be a modest, but not insignificant offset to the nation's carbon budget, since this region accounts for 14 percent of the live biomass in the entire United States.
The findings were made by scientists in the College of Forestry at Oregon State University (OSU), as the result of almost two decades of analysis of 15,000 inventory plots in a large region, through several different projects, as part of the North American Carbon Program.
The scientists, who said they have often been asked what the theoretical potential was for storing carbon in these forests, conducted the analysis using inventory data that captured current variation in biomass due to many factors.
"We have known that forests in this region have high productivity, and in recent years we have learned they have a high potential to store large amounts of carbon even at very old ages," said Beverly Law, a professor of forest science at OSU.
"The forests west of the Cascade Range are also wetter and less likely to be lost to fire. We suspected these forests might provide more opportunity for carbon storage than has been recognized, and these data support that," Law added.
"Increasing carbon storage in this region might be one contribution to what clearly is a much larger global issue, something that policy makers could consider," Law said. (ANI)