Washington, Jan 15 (ANI): Exposure to alcohol in the womb may make teenagers more attracted to the smell of liquor, according to a new study, conducted on rats.
Researchers from the State University of New York found that rats whose mothers were fed alcohol during pregnancy are more attracted to the smell of liquor during puberty.
They have shown that rats exposed during gestation find the smell of alcohol on another rat's breath during adolescence more attractive than animals with no prior foetal exposure.
Professor Steven Youngentob from the State University of New York Upstate Medical University, USA, led a team of researchers who investigated the social and behavioral effects of foetal ethanol exposure in adolescent and adult rats.
"The findings by Amber Eade in my lab reveal that foetal ethanol exposure influences adolescent re-exposure, in part, by promoting interactions with intoxicated peers. These results highlight an important relationship between fetal and adolescent experiences that appears essential to the progressive development of alcohol abuse," he said.
Foetal ethanol experience is believed to train the developing sense of smell to find ethanol odour more attractive.
The researchers describe how, in both rats and humans, foetal exposure changes how the odour and flavour of ethanol are perceived.
"Such learning may be a fundamental feature of all mammalian species because it is important (from a survival standpoint) for the pre-weanling animal to accept and be attracted to the food sources consumed by the mother," the authors said.
In this study, the researchers found that rats unexposed to ethanol were significantly less likely to follow an intoxicated peer than those with gestational experience.
They also found that the behavioural effects of foetal ethanol were not seen in otherwise unexposed adult rats.
They say that this shows adolescence is a key time for perpetuating foetal experiences.
"Such a proposition is clinically relevant since, in humans, adolescence is a key transition point for emergent patterns of alcohol abuse," Youngentob said.The study is published in BioMed Central's open access journal Behavioral and Brain Functions. (ANI)