The attacks struck at the heart of Mumbai, the engine room of an economic boom that has made India a favourite emerging market.
Around 195 people were killed and 295 injured in the attacks.
Acting in small groups these militants indiscriminately shot people and within a short span of time left the metropolis bleeding.
Mumbai was hit by serial bomb blasts in 1993 that killed at least 260 people at the stock exchange and other landmarks. Two years ago, more than 180 people died when Islamist militants bombed commuter trains.