New Delhi, Oct 29 (UNI) The increasing number of private vehicles has worried the nation's lawmakers studying global warming's impact on the country, and they have rapped the Government for tackling the problem with short-term measures.
The Parliamentary Standing Commitee on Science and Technology and Environment and Forests, in its latest report, has said transport sector was one of the major causes for increase in the emission of Green House Gases(GHG) like Co2, which causes a rise in global temperature.
Noting that the major cities had witnessed an increased usage of personal motor vehicles in the form of cars and two wheelers in the recent past, the committee has recommended that the Government should evolve a long-term holistic policy to address the problem.
Citing an example of failure of short-term measures, it said in the capital, auto-rickshaws and buses were made to shift to cleaner fule CNG from diesel to reduced emmission of GHGs, but the unchecked upsurge in the number of private taxis and cars using diesal as fuel had negated the gains made from the shift to the cleaner fuel.
The Committee wanted the consumers to be given more fuel efficient vehicles, besides encouragement of public transport and introduction in all the major cities of a Mass Rapid Transport system which ensures integration of public transport services comprising buses, metro, rail network.
''The large capacities of such systems make them potentially more efficient, in terms of cost and environmental effects, than automobile transportation,'' it said.
There is also need to sensitise people towards better driving techniques like accelerating slowly and smoothly and to encourage them to go in for car pool, it added.
The parliamentarians also felt that the country should make judicious choices of technologies so that the per capita emission levels of green house gases were well managed within the global average while making economic progress at an accelerated pace.
''Many developed countries had earlier made choices of technologies which led to significant per-capita emissions of such gases...If India has to reduce its carbon emissions, it would mean a major reorientation of her energy strategy,'' it said.
India urgently needs to put a strategy in place to use its human knowledge capital to take a leadership role in designing low carbon technologies that are going to form the economy of the future, it said.
''Instead of going down a carbon intensive path of growth, India must chose a development path that is sustainable and more economically viable,'' said the Committee.
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