New Delhi, Sept 22 (UNI) Union Minister of State for Labour and Employment Oscar Fernandes today inaugurated the Third India-EU Seminar on 'Employment Relations and Resolution of Conflicts' here.
The two-day Seminar is being attended by the EU member countries, representatives from International Labour Organisation, Labour Unions, Manufacturing Units and Representatives from the Labour and Employment Ministry, an official statement said.
Mr Fernandes emphasised the need to review the industrial disputes resolution system due to the adoption of policy of economic liberalisation and restructuring.
There should be focus on bipartite consultation, building of trust by information sharing at enterprise level and voluntary arbitration rather than resolution of disputes through adjudication, he said.
The Minister said that the relationship between the employer and the employee is based on mutual adjustment of interests and goals-of course involving economic, social, psychological and political factors.
Therefore, a continuous dialogue between the two parties is a pre-requisite to a sound and healthy relationship for the economic prosperity of the establishment they work for and for the nation, he said.
Moreover, Mr Fernandes said, the changing role of the State competitive pressures of globalisation, technological changes and changing work organisation along with the resultant contractualisation and outsourcing has also impacted the employment relations scenario in the country.
Mr Fernandes said India has a long tradition of social dialogue.
Tripartite consultations among government, employers and workers organisations in industry commenced as early as in 1944 with the establishment of the Indian Labour Conference (ILC), the Standing Labour Committee (SLC) and over 35 tripartite bodies to deal with issues like minimum wages, social security benefits, education and training, safety and health in both organised and unorganised sectors.
An overall trend in the industrial relations system in the post-independence period is also seen, especially in relation to the change from a state-dominated industrial relations system and centralized wage bargaining structure to a more pluralistic and decentralized industrial relations system.
Further, long term trends in industrial disputes and the related/causative factors are also witnessed during the period.
The Minister said each country has formulated its own system of disputes resolution based on established practices and ILO conventions and recommendations.
An integration of the best practices in both the world will definitely help in evolving a more effective module for resolution of industrial conflicts, he said.
It goes without saying that the discussion on various issues involved in employment relations in the four sessions to follow shall be enlightening and be of great value to all of us.
UNI BKS MP HS1746