Washington, September 5 : An international team of astronomers has found an unusual object whose backward and tilted orbit around the Sun may clarify the origins of certain comets.
Touted as the first discovery of its kind, researchers from Canada, France and the United States have discovered the object that orbits around the Sun backwards, and tilted at an angle of 104 degrees - almost perpendicular to the orbits of the planets.
"Certain types of comets are not naturally produced after planet formation, especially those with highly tilted orbits," said University of British Columbia astronomer Brett Gladman. "This discovery may finally show how they transition from the Oort Cloud to become objects like Halley's Comet," he added.
Composed of icy rock, 2008 KV42 is called a "trans-Neptunian" object since its orbital path is larger than that of Neptune.
The object is roughly 50 kilometres across and at present 35 times further from than the Sun than Earth.
According to Gladman, the orbits of such objects in the region beyond Neptune's orbit provide fresh insights into the early history of our solar system.
The international team has been carrying out a targeted search for objects with highly tilted orbits.
Their discovery was made using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope in Hawaii, with follow-up observations provided by the MMT telescope in Arizona, the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) four-metre telescope in Chile, and the Gemini South telescope, also in Chile, in which Canada is a partner.
"Given the highly unusual orbit, the object would have been lost without the rapid tracking from these large telescopes," said Gladman.