Washington, : Aug 2 Research published in the American Sociological Review shows that approval or disapproval of President Bush being determined by personal links to victims of Iraq War or 9/11.
According to the research conducted at the University of California, Davis, this pattern holds true for both Republicans and Democrats, conservatives and liberals, and across all races, ages, education levels and incomes.
"The notion of blaming one's leader for the death of a family or community member from a terrorist attack or war might seem odd at first, but a personal tie to a victim converts abstract, distant costs of international violence into a vivid, personal and profoundly emotional experience, one that has clear, strong and consistent political implications," says UC Davis political science professor Scott Sigmund Gartner, the study's author.
Gartner arrived at his conclusions by analyzing results of two large public opinion polls. One was a 2006 Gallup survey that asked a national sample of Americans about their ties to soldiers serving or killed in Iraq.
The other was a 2001 Field Poll that asked Californians whether they had lost a friend, family member or business associate in the 9/11 attacks. Both polls also asked about party affiliation, political outlook and support for the president.